Categories Moonshine

How To Make Cuts In Moonshine When Using A Thumper Keg?

Can you make moonshine with a thumper still?

  • Making moonshine with a thumper instead of a pot still is great because thumpers essentially perform two distillations in one—without stripping the flavor the way reflux distillation does. Depending on your thumper, it’s typical to plan to fill it about halfway with liquid.

Contents

Do you put anything in the thumper keg?

You can choose to add fruit peel, herbs, spices, and mashed ripe fruit directly into your thumper keg. Just remember that in the case of mashed fruit, you will need to add large quantities to impart that flavor.

How do you infuse flavor moonshine with a thump keg?

Place your chosen fruits, herbs, and spices into a large container of low wines or head/tail spirits and let it sit for a week or two. The flavor of your ingredients will gradually infuse the solution. Add this solution to the bottom of the thumper keg to impart the flavors it contains.

Do you need to heat a thump keg?

Many moonshiners do prefer to heat the thumper. The alcohol does need to stay in vapor form to be able to rise into the condenser. Wood barrels are often preferred as thump kegs because of wood’s natural isolative abilities.

Can I put fruit juice in a thump keg?

Fruit, herbs, or spices can be placed in the thumper where their essences are, in effect, steam-extracted along with the alcohol during this virtual second distillation.

How much do you fill a thumper?

You need to put some kind of liquid in the thump keg filling it about 1/4 full. The options are: left over mash, tails from a previous run, etc. But if you want the thumper to do what it is supposed to do (increase the alcohol % in the final product), there needs to be some kind of alcohol in the thumper.

What temp do you run a moonshine still?

You will not make any cuts at the different temperatures like you would with a typical pot distillation. Collect until the temperature reaches about 207°F/208°F (97°C/98°C). Turn off your heat source, but continue to run the cooling water until there is no vapor left in the moonshine still.

What is the best fruit to put in moonshine?

But you can subdue its potent taste by flavoring it with almost any fruit, including watermelon, peach, strawberry, raspberry, apple, lime or lemon. Just remember to add your fruit of choice while making the moonshine in order to avoid reducing the alcohol content.

What’s the purpose of a thumper keg?

Basically, a thumper keg is a container that is installed in the distillation apparatus between the still pot and the condenser. It was traditionally used in hillbilly stills to increase the alcohol content of the distillate because, traditional stills only output product with about a 50-60 percent alcohol content.

How does a moonshine Thumper work?

The way the thumper works is that it takes the vapor from the head of your kettle and travels down a tube into the bottom of the thumper. This vapor is cooled when it enters the liquid in the thumper, which condenses the vapor while also heating that liquid in the thumper.

What happens if your thumper is too small?

If a thumper is too small or if you didn’t put enough liquid in it, then that liquid will heat up too quickly from the incoming vapor. Then that vapor will just bubble up right through the liquid without being cooled and condensed first, exiting straight through the condenser.

How do you cut and flavor moonshine?

There are many ways to flavor moonshine, but the easiest way to do it is to add the fruit directly to a jar of finished shine (or vice versa). Cut the peach into slices or (if they’re small enough) stick two or three whole peaches in a quart jar, add shine, and leave it sit. Wait about 9 months (seriously) and drink!

How much sugar do I need for 5 gallons of mash?

For example, for every 1 gallon of water, you would use 1 pound of sugar, and 1 pound of corn meal. So for a 5 gallon mash (which is recommended for your first batches of moonshine) you would use 5 gallons of water, 5 pounds of corn meal, and 5 pounds of sugar.

Can you eat the fruit in moonshine?

The infused flavors are hand-packed with real fruit to impart flavor and color, without making the moonshine overly sweet. The fruit is preserved in the alcohol, making it safe to eat even for years after the jar has been opened, even if Midnight Moon recommends against it.

Can you put too much yeast in moonshine mash?

The “ 100 grams of dry yeast per 5 gallons” rule only applies to a pure sugar mash where you aim to turn it into vodka or as a base spirit for liquors. Fermenting a wort with more than 4 grams of yeast per gallon will effect undesirable sulfur flavors that can be difficult to get rid of.

The Thumper Keg Explained – What it does and how it does it! – Learn to Moonshine

Thump kegs, also known as “doublers,” are a very old design element that was most likely brought to North America with the first settlers and incorporated into the stills they built upon arrival. While they are most commonly associated with backwoods whiskey stills, the thump keg, or “doubler,” is not (Fig. 1). Because some older European stills made use of what looks to be thump keg-like chambers, the idea was almost certainly well-known to colonists from both the British Isles and continental Europe when they arrived in North America.

Figure 1, Typical backwoods whiskey still. Smaller copper pot in center is thump keg.

Thump kegs, also known as “doublers,” are a very old design element that was most likely brought to North America by the first settlers and incorporated into the stills they built upon arrival. While they are most commonly associated with the backwoods whiskey still, the thump keg, or “doubler,” is also associated with the traditional whiskey still (Fig. 1). The idea was undoubtedly well known to colonists from both the British Isles and the European continent, as evidenced by the employment of what looks to be chambers that functioned as thump kegs in some older European stills.

Figure 3, Diagram showing flow of vapor through still and thump keg

In spite of the fact that it has apparent benefits over the traditional pot still, how does it compare to a more complex reflux column still? Of course, for the backwoods moonshiner, there’s the obvious advantage of having materials on hand at all times. The cost of purchasing enough Raschig rings or copper scouring pads to fill a big fractionating column is far less than the cost of locating and reusing an abandoned wooden barrel. A properly constructed column, on the other hand, is capable of producing alcohol concentrations that are close to the theoretical maximum, in some cases exceeding 95%, while also providing better separation between the ethyl alcohol and the esters and ketones in the heads and the heavy fusel alcohols in the tails.

  1. These people include traditional moonshiners and connoisseurs of single-malt, pot-distilled Scottish whiskeys.
  2. Although it is arguable to what degree this is genuine and how much is simply mythology, it is unquestionably true that the taste differences between cuts will be less noticeable and that more of the “whiskey” qualities will be present in the final product.
  3. He even spends several thousand dollars to install a high-tech thump keg to replace the fractionating column in the distillery.
  4. Finally, it should be noted that a thump keg may be used to impart taste in a different way as well: it can be utilized in the same way that a gin basket is used to give flavor.
  5. Because more of the volatile flavoring compounds will be carried over into the final distillate as a result of this method, the taste will be fresher and more full-bodied than merely adding these ingredients to the mash.

The following video is a demonstration of a classic copper pot still, thumper, and worm set up that I discovered on YouTube. ” alt=””> ” alt=””> Any queries concerning thumpers may be asked in the comments area below, and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Instagram! Thanks for reading!

Explaining The Thumper Keg: The Basics

If you’re someone who knows absolutely nothing about this and is hearing the terms thumper and keg combined for the first time, you could believe that this is something that rabbits and bunnies use to celebrate. Don’t be concerned. We created this tutorial for the home distiller who wants to learn all there is to know about thumper kegs, including what they are, what they do, what they are for, what they are used for, and how they operate.

A Quick Summary

For those of you who are in a rush and only want to know the most basic facts regarding the simple thumper keg, here is the page for you.

  • For those of you who are in a hurry and only want to know the most basic facts about the humble thumper keg, here they are.

If you’re in a rush and only want to know the most basic facts regarding the simple thumper keg, here is the page for you.

What Is a Thumper Keg and Where Is It From?

If you’re in a rush and just want to know the most important facts regarding the simple thumper keg, here is the page for you.

Quick History Lesson

There is a popular belief among historians that early settlers took this form of thump keg with them and integrated it into the stills that they later began to construct once they’d, well… established. If you take a look around, you’ll notice that some of the older European stills seem to confirm this notion since they appear to have made use of what appears to be the same chambers that were used as thump kegs as well. This suggests that the colonists who came over from the British Isles were already familiar with the design and inventiveness of how it functions!

The Thumper Keg of Today

Modern-day hillbilly culture retains the thump keg as one of the most recognizable and ingenious design components of the classic hillbilly still. Anyone who manufactures moonshine will understand how critical this is to the operation of their moonshine stills. The thumper keg, which can be constructed of copper, steel, or wood, is located between the stillpot and the condenser and holds the liquid. You might wonder why this is the case. Its function, in a nutshell, is to distill the output of a pot still a second time without having to pass the distillate through a second time.

What Is a Thumper Keg For?

In today’s world, the typical hillbilly still, with its thump keg, is one of the most iconic and ingenious design components around. This is critical for everyone who makes moonshine and understands how crucial it is for their stills. Copper, steel, or wood are used to construct the thumper keg, which is placed between the stillpot and the condenser to collect any remaining distillate. You might wonder why this is so. Its function, in a nutshell, is to distill the output of a pot still a second time without having to pass the distillate through the still a second time.

How Does A Thumper Keg Work?

You might be wondering how all of this magic comes to be.

The way a thump keg operates, on the other hand, is quite ingenious. The thumper keg distillation equipment in moonshine stills makes advantage of the surplus heat released by the steam pot, making it a particularly effective distillation process. Allow me to explain.

  1. When using a typical still, the wash or fermented solution is heated to a high temperature, which causes the alcohol vapors to be released
  2. These vapors are then trapped by the condenser and collected into the solution known as low wines.

When using a typical still, the wash or fermented solution is heated to a high temperature, which causes the alcohol vapors to be released. These vapors are then trapped by the condenser and collected into the solution known as low wines.

So How Does It Work, Exactly?

As the wash or fermented solution is heated to a high temperature, the alcohol vapors are released; these vapors are trapped by the condenser and collected into the solution known as low wines.

  1. If you’re using a thump keg, the heated vapor will flow through the arm and into the low wine that’s already condensed at the bottom of the thump
  2. You’ll start to hear a “thumping” sound as the hot vapor and condensed low wine explode out of this pipe on a regular basis. When you re-heat the liquid, the thumper keg transfers highly pure alcohol vapors from your still to the condenser, which is where the word “thumper” comes from. Known as thumper liquid, it is the high-proof spirit that all moonshine enthusiasts want.
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Tips: The temperature is a good indicator of where you will need to make cuts in order to reach the proof you need. As you can see, the temperature of the vapor is regulated by the proportion of alcohol to water present. It is possible to get a decent estimate of the amount of alcohol present in your mix by monitoring the temperature of the liquid anyplace in your setup, with or without your thumper. Keep an eye out for the mash that you’re employing. Remember to never allow your mash boil over into the thumper!

The Result

When this entire process is completed, heated vapor will constantly heat the low-alcohol wine to the boiling point of alcohol, thus “distilling” the wine for a second time. This results in a high-proof moonshine, bourbon, or spirit that cannot be produced by simply passing a liquid through a standard pot still several times in a row. In order to avoid this, moonshiners and other distillers prefer to utilize wood for their kegs instead of plastic. Wood provides excellent insulation and is superior than metal in terms of keeping heat trapped within to maintain this temperature, allowing moonshine distillers to ensure that the process is as effective as possible while maintaining this temperature.

Infusing Flavors Using A Thumper Keg

As you can see, we’ve already given you a very decent picture of what happens inside a thumper keg. But did you know that it can also be used to enhance the flavor of your moonshine by adding additional layers of flavor? Fill the thumper keg halfway with a limited number of spirit tails from a prior batch (the best option), some wash from the current batch, or water before starting the distillation process (water is the last resort). When you turn on your pot still, the vapor that flows in will be cooled by this liquid, known as the thumper liquid.

You will have a number of alternatives for completing this task.

  1. Add fruit-infused alcohol to your thumper keg for a refreshing drink. Fill a large container with low-alcohol wines or head/tail spirits and arrange your choice fruits, spices, and herbs in the container. Once this is done, let it to sit for a week or two to allow the tastes to gradually permeate the liquid. When it’s time to distill, just pour this solution into the bottom of the thumper keg to allow the tastes of the solution to permeate your finished moonshine. You may also add liquid components like juice (apple, lemon, peach, blackberry, etc.) and coconut oil straight into your thumper keg if you want a simpler and speedier technique than the one described above
  2. However, this method is not recommended. Directly into your thumper, place your raw ingredients– This is a mixture of the first two types of flavor infusion that we’ve discussed previously. You have the option of immediately putting fruit peel, herbs, spices, and mashed ripe fruit into your thumper keg, if you so want. Just keep in mind that, in the case of mashed fruit, you will need to use a lot of it to get the flavor you want. Additionally, it may create quite a shambles

Fill your thumper keg with fruit-infused spirits– Fill a large container with low-alcohol wines or head/tail spirits and add your choice fruits, spices, and herbs. Once this is done, allow it to sit for a week or two so that the tastes may gradually integrate into the liquid. Add this solution to the bottom of the thumper keg when it’s ready to distill, and the tastes will be infused into your finished moonshine. You may also add liquid components like juice (apple, lemon, peach, blackberry, etc.) and coconut oil directly into the thumper keg if you want a simpler and speedier technique than the one described above; however, this will result in a lower yield.

Add fruit peels, herbs, spices, and mashed ripe fruit directly to your thumper keg instead of using a separate fruit pulp separator.

Just keep in mind that, in the case of mashed fruit, you’ll need to use a lot of it to get the flavor you’re looking for! Aside from that, it may cause quite a commotion.

How Does It Compare?

You should not expect the same results as you would get from passing your vapor, water, and distillate through a sophisticated reflux column still, despite the fact that it is an improvement over a conventional pot still. If the reflux column is properly constructed, it may still produce up to 95 percent alcohol by volume or proof, while also allowing for greater separation of the ethyl alcohol, esters, and ketones in the heads and the heavier fusel alcohol in the tails of the column. The fact is that some distillers do not appreciate this method because they believe it removes too much taste from the distillate, resulting in less palatable alcohol at a later stage.

(**According to the individual who enjoys coffee**) These purists choose a thumper because it allows them to keep the flavor of their distillate while yet obtaining the desired alcohol by volume or proof level.

Ultimately, though, if you want to obtain that greater alcohol by volume or proof without having to put your distillate through a more costly set-up, we propose a thumper distillation system.

What’s the Right Size of Thumper Keg?

thumper kegs should be 25 percent to 40% the size of your main boiler, as we said at the beginning of the essay. However, if you want to charge your thumper keg with a significant quantity of charge, whether it be botanicals, cheap wines, wash, or water, you should get a thumper keg that is at least half the capacity of your main boiler.

How Do You Clean A Thumper Keg?

Doing a vinegar run through your thumper keg will be the quickest and most effective method of cleaning it so that it is ready for use in your moonshine production.

  1. Pour 50 percent distilled hot water and 50 percent vinegar into your boiler, filling it up to around 20 percent of its capacity. Starting with your pot, begin distilling from it directly into your thumper, exactly as you would usually when separating tails and distilling spirits. It should be at least 170 degrees Fahrenheit and should remain at that temperature for at least 5 minutes before using. Once that is completed, turn off your heat source and let your distillation apparatus to cool down to a temperature that you are comfortable with. You’re finished after you’ve emptied the vinegar solution.

It’s important to note that you only need to do this if you have a fresh new thumper keg on hand. Otherwise, simply repeat the process 2 to 3 times every year.

Thumper Keg Recommendations

If you’re looking to purchase a thumper keg and would like some recommendations, here is the article for you.

Stampede Stills 2 Gallon Copper Moonshine Still Thumper Keg (Doubler)

A copper thumper keg that is totally constructed from copper (20-ounce copper sheet). It has a capacity of up to 2 gallons of liquid. A half-inch ball valve drain and half-inch copper pipe handoffs are also included, but they are not required. For your pot, you might check out this stainless steel thumper keg that is meant for use with a beer kegerator….

DIY 2 Gal 10 Liters Thumper

It is constructed of food-grade materials and high-quality stainless steel that is 100 percent lead-free, ensuring that the distillation process is as safe as possible. It’s even available in a variety of sizes!

Stampede Stills Copper Half Gallon Widemouth Mason Jar Thumper Kit

Another excellent and reasonably priced choice if your goal is not to produce vast quantities of alcohol. Any wide-mouth mason jar may be transformed into a thumper with the help of this copper tube and seals that have been handmade in the United States. Keep in mind that it does not contain any extra pope or coupling unions to let you to connect it to your existing system.

Final Words

The moonshine industry is a big and diverse industry.

This is only a small sample of the material that will be extremely beneficial to you as you work to develop your moonshine. Have a good time! Karl S. is a marketing leader, brewer, father, and spouse. Basically, he’s an all-around great person.

Using a Pot Still: Where To Make Your Cuts

Because there is a Quick and Dirty Cheat Sheet at the bottom of this blog, if you need to get anything done quickly, just scroll down until you reach the bottom of this page. Just keep in mind that manufacturing moonshine with a pot still is a skill that will only improve with time and experience. The temperatures listed here are excellent guides, but the more you distill, the better you’ll be able to determine when to make your cuts depending on your own personal preferences in flavor and scent.

A cut is essentially the point at which you begin and end the process of collecting your distillate.

It is also beneficial to name and number each jar because this will assist you at the end of the procedure when you are combining the ingredients together.

Foreshots

The first substance to emerge from the still is the undesirable substance. Foreshots include methanol and other toxins that you do not want to be present in your finished goods. Not only do foreshots contain relatively little ethanol, but they’re also the source of the headache you experience when you’re hungover, as previously stated. In other words, this is what you want to collect—and then toss away. To collect the foreshots, you’ll need to wait until your vapor temperature reaches approximately 175°F (80°C), and Rick recommends collecting at least 4oz per 5 gallon of distillate that you’re distilling.

Once again, this is the bare minimum that we propose for collection and disposal.

Heads

The heads are the next step, which you may keep for mixing or re-distilling at a later time. When the heads begin to appear, the vapor temperature will be more than 175°F (80°C), and this will continue until the vapor temperature is around 196°F (91°C). Heads are normally approximately 80 percent abv (160 proof) or higher in alcohol concentration. They contain a lot of evidence, but they’re not nearly as smooth as the hearts, which will be served next.

Hearts

This is where the action is at its most effective. Hearts, also known as your Middle Run, start off at roughly 80 percent alcohol by volume (160 proof) before dropping to 60-65 percent alcohol by volume, or even 40 percent alcohol by volume if you want it stronger.

Hearts provide you with the fresh flavor you’re seeking for. You’ll begin collecting hearts when the vapor temperature is around 196°F (91°C) and end when the vapor temperature is approximately 203°F (95°C).

Tails

In distillation, tails are the last component of the distillate, consisting of everything that comes out after the temperature of the vapor rises to 203 degrees Fahrenheit (95 degrees Celsius) – 207 degrees Fahrenheit (98 degrees Celsius) The use of tails for blending is popular, although Rick does not suggest it for palatable alcohol owing to the combination of lower alcohol level and increased congener content in tails used “as-is.” It is possible, however, to combine the tails with the heads that aren’t being used and re-distill the mixture to produce neutral spirits.

Again, the temperatures indicated here are excellent guides for beginners, but the more you distill, the more you’ll be able to choose when to make your cuts depending on your own personal preferences in flavor and scent.

More Distilling Info For Beginners

More articles containing tried-and-true advice may be found here. Take a peek if you have the luxury of leisure to go into the rabbit hole. Alternatively, you may view our full blog by clicking here.

Kiwi’s Guide To Cuts – Beginner’s Talk Discussions on StillDragon® Community Forum

All credit goes to KiwiNovice Guide for Cuts (pot still) by kiwistiller on Wednesday, September 16, 2009 at 4:17 p.m. This article is intended to educate a pot still newbie about the different fractions in a distillation, as well as to assist them in learning how to make cuts between the different fractions.

  1. Describe what fractions and cuts are. Fractions in a simplified form
  2. Cuts and blends in a straightforward manner

1. What are cuts and fractions?

Distillery cuts are those instances during a distillation run where the stiller divides the distillate into several parts (divisions between sections of the run). Knowing what the different fractions of a run are and how to recognize them is critical to making smart cuts in a race.

2. An outline of fractions

Fractions are typically predictable once you have a good understanding of your equipment and mash. With time, the ABV percent will decrease (and the temperature will rise), and this is one sign of cut points that may be used as a crutch to judge when making decisions about where to stop. Temperature and percent ABV, on the other hand, are not advised as guidelines for cutting. The temperature of the vapour is precisely proportional to the percent ABV; this is just fundamental science. If you know the temperature, you can forecast the percent abv with reasonable accuracy, and vice versa.

  • For example, 20 percent abv output is 98 degrees Celsius.
  • An issue is that the temperature is not being read correctly; that is, it is not being read at the proper location, which is at the very top of the vapour path, precisely when it turns down into the product condenser lyne arm.
  • When it comes to selecting where to make the cuts, temperature is no worse than percent abv, although both are only approximate suggestions at best.
  • I’ll share some ESTIMATES of where the fractions can be predicted based on the data I have.

Fractions are often organized along the lines of the following general outline:

(1) Foreshots

In the distillation process, this fraction is the first part of the distillate to be collected. Acetone, sometimes known as nail polish remover, is a significant component of this percentage. However, there are several additional chemicals present as well. The very first drops of foreshots, which can start slowly coming over from 40-45C, often have a wonderful, rich, sweet smell to them, but you don’t want to be drinking this stuff (it will give you a headache). On a pot still, the absolute bare minimum amount of foreshots that should be allocated is 150ml per 25l of wash.

Even while this percentage should never be recycled or utilized in any form for drinks, it does have a number of applications.

It’s also excellent for beginning charcoal BBQs on the barbecue grill.

In my still, which is charged with 40 percent low wines, this fraction registers around 82 percent on the alcoholmeter or alcometer.

(2) Heads

methanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, and ethanol are the primary constituents of the heads. Methanol is the primary component of the heads. Because a pot cannot completely separate the distinct fractions, there will be declining amounts of ‘bad things’ and rising amounts of hearts (ethanol) throughout this fraction as a result of this. While not as bad as the foreshots, heads is commonly associated with hangovers and a strong, biting aftertaste, among other things. Similarly to foreshots, they can have a sweet and buttery aroma at times, but they will also have a biting, solvent-like, alcohol sting to them at other times as well.

  1. The heads, as well as the foreshots, are generally considered undesirable by the majority of individuals when working with final products.
  2. If you don’t want to deal with it, just toss them in with the foreshots.
  3. Assuming we have three stripped 25l sugar washes in our hypothetical still charge, I would anticipate to gather around 2-3 liters of heads, perhaps even more (I really don’t like them).
  4. Aside from that, certain washes will generate much more heads / foreshots than others.

Apple brandy, for example, is well-known for having a high proportion of heads, yet a full-bodied, sweet rum may actually benefit from a little amount of heads in the end product (at the cost of the headache that follows the next day, probably).

(3) Hearts

In terms of ethanol purity, the hearts, or ‘body’ portion, as it is frequently referred to, is the cleanest segment of the run. Hearts has a very clean taste and scent, and it does not have the chemical bite of heads, while yet having a pleasant flavor. Whenever you’re mixing your fractions, remember that the hearts should be thought of as the foundation upon which you’ll create your product. Hearts will often start at approximately 80 percent abv in a run of 40 percent low wines, although this may vary according on the winery.

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When it comes to a full-bodied spirit like rum, you can get away with going fairly deep into the tails, even as low as 50%.

The hearts you acquire will most likely be the largest proportion of what you collect during your run, but this will depend on what you are constructing.

(4) Tails

To put it another way, in terms of pure ethanol content, the hearts fraction (also known as “body” fraction) is the purest part of the run. With no chemical bite like heads, Hearts is refreshingly clean tasting and smelling. However, it retains a pleasant taste. When you’re mixing your fractions, think of the hearts as the foundation upon which you’ll create your finished result. Generally speaking, hearts will start at approximately 80 percent abv in a run of 40 percent low wines, although this may vary according on the producer.

It’s possible to delve fairly deep into the tails of a full-bodied spirit like rum, even down to 50 percent of the final product.

You will most likely gather the most number of hearts throughout the course of your run, but this will depend on the type of creation you are creating.

What Is A Thumper Keg and How Does It Work?

It is recommended that you purchase a thumper keg for your still if you are interested in raising the strength of your spirits or manufacturing a classic backwoods moonshine. You may use one to infuse flavor into your distilled spirits, which will boost the strength and purity of your distilled spirits.In this article, I’ll cover everything you need to know about thumper kegs, including how they operate, what they can accomplish, and how to use them to infuse flavor. I’ll also include a list of some of the top thumper kegs currently available on the market.

  • Thumper Keg: A jar made of copper, steel, or wood that is put between the still pot and the condenser to collect the distillate. What Thumper Keg Size Should I Use? A thumper keg should be 25 percent to 40 percent the size of your main boiler, depending on how much steam you need. What Is the Function of a Thumper Keg? Its primary function is to speed up the distillation process
  • However, it may also be used for other purposes.

Thumper Keg: A receptacle made of copper, steel, or wood that is put between the still pot and the condenser. When should you use a Thumper Keg? If your main boiler is 25 percent to 40 percent the size of a thumper keg, you should use one. A Thumper Keg Is Used For What Purposes? Its primary function is to accelerate the distillation process; however, it may also be used for other purposes as well.

What Is A Thumper Keg?

In distillation, a thumper Keg is a tiny vessel made of copper, steel, or wood that is positioned between the stillpot and condenser. It receives low wine from the stillpot and warms it again, resulting in the production of highly purified alcohol vapors that are sent to the condenser for cooling. Consequently, there is no need for a second distillation to produce a high-proof spirit (more on how a keg thumper works, below). The thumper keg, also known as a Thump Barrel, Thump Chest, or Doubler, was extremely popular among distillers and moonshiners in the Appalachian Mountains during Prohibition.

Thumper Kegs are so named because of the pounding sound that the vapor and condensed low wine produce when the still is in operation.

Moonshiners who were interested in producing potent spirits would occasionally add extra alcohol to the thumper, which would then be distilled again to produce a spirit that was extremely potent. Related:How to Proof Moonshine

How Does A Thumper Keg Work?

When using a standard still, the wash (fermented solution) is heated to a high temperature in order to produce alcohol vapors, which are then caught by a condenser. It is through the condensation of vapors that low wines are produced, which are generally 25 to 35 percent alcohol by volume in composition (ABV). The low-alcohol wines must be distilled again in order to produce a distillate with a greater alcohol content. Beer strippers (a very basic still) are used by most distilleries to convert wash into low wines, which are subsequently transformed into high-proof spirits using a separate spirit still.

  • Even though repeated distillation is a time-tested procedure, it can be time-consuming and expensive to go through more than two or three distillations at once.
  • Its purpose is to assist the distiller in avoiding the need for more distillations in the future.
  • It used to be common practice for moonshiners to mix in a tiny quantity of moonshine to the thumper keg, albeit this may result in a stronger-than-expected distilled spirit.
  • It is through this swan neck that the hot vapors are introduced directly into the solution contained within the thumper keg.
  • During the process of vaporizing and condensing in the swan neck and thumper keg, the sound of thumping is produced.
  • This results in the production of additional alcohol vapors, which are trapped by the condenser, resulting in the distillation of the low-proof wines a second time and the creation of a high-proof spirit.
  • Related: Moonshine Facts and Figures

How To Infuse Flavor Into Moonshine with a Thumper Keg

As the wash (fermented solution) is heated to a high temperature, the release of alcohol vapors occurs, which are caught by a condenser in the traditional still. It is through the condensation of vapors that low wines are produced, which generally contain 25 to 35 percent alcohol by volume (ABV). For the low-alcohol wines to provide a higher-alcohol distillate, the low-alcohol wines must be distilled once more. In most cases, a beer stripper (a very basic still) will be used to change the wash into low wines, followed by a separate spirit still, which will turn the low wines into a high-proof spirit.

  • Even though multiple distillation is a time-tested technique, it can be time-consuming and expensive to go through more than two or three distillation steps.
  • The distiller will benefit from it since it will assist him or her eliminate the need for repeated distillations.
  • It used to be common practice for moonshiners to mix in a tiny quantity of moonshine to the thumper keg, albeit this might result in a stronger-than-expected distilled spirit.
  • The thumper keg’s swan neck directs the heated vapors into the solution contained within the keg itself.
  • As the vapors escape the swan neck and condense in the thumper keg, a thumping sound is produced.
  • A greater amount of alcohol vapor is produced as a result, which is trapped by the condenser, which results in the low-proof wines being distilled a second time, resulting in a high-proof spirit being produced.

Double distilling a spirit is a particularly time and energy-efficient method of producing a finished product. Facts About Moonshine (also available in PDF format).

  • Adding fruit-infused alcohol to the thumper keg is a fun experiment. Using your favorite fruit and herb combinations, combine them in a big container with low-alcohol wines or head/tail spirits and let them marinade for a week or two. The taste of your components will gradually permeate into the solution as it is prepared. Pour this solution into the bottom of the thumper keg to impart the flavors that it contains, and shake well. Making direct additions to the thumper keg of juice or oils To add taste to the thumper keg, ingredients such as apple juice, peach juice, blackberry juice, lemon juice, pineapple juice, orange juice, and coconut oil can be put straight to the keg
  • However, this is not recommended. Making direct additions to the thumper keg of raw components Some distillers may immediately add fruit peel, herbs, spices, and mashed fruit to the thumper keg, while others will use a mash tun. Only thing to keep in mind is that mashed fruit will need to be put in big numbers and that it may be messy to clean up afterward. If you’re going to use this approach to include fruit, make sure your stuff is quite ripe.

Making use of fruit-infused spirits to make the thumper keg taste even better Place your selected fruits, herbs, and spices in a big container filled with low-alcohol wines or head/tail spirits and allow it to sit for a week or two before serving. Flavors from your components will gradually permeate into the solution. Pour this solution into the bottom of the thumper keg to impart the flavors that it contains, and then shake it up. Making direct additions to the thumper keg of juice or oils. In order to give flavor to the thumper keg, ingredients such as apple cider vinegar, peach cider vinegar, blackberry juice, lemon juice, pineapple juice, orange juice, and coconut oil can be put straight to the keg; Making direct additions to the thumper keg from raw components The thumper keg can be filled immediately with fruit peel, herbs, spices, and mashed fruit by some distillers.

As a precaution, make sure your fruit is really ripe before utilizing this procedure to include it.

How Big Should a Thumper Keg Be?

When it comes to size, your thumper keg should be between 25 and 40% the size of your main boiler. For large charges (botanicals, low-alcohol wines, wash, water, etc.), use a thumper keg that is at least half the size of the main boiler (preferably more).

What Size Thumper Kegs Are There?

If you’re seeking to purchase a thumper keg, you have a number of alternatives to choose from. One alternative is to purchase a whole thumper keg, which can be constructed of copper, stainless steel, or wood. Complete kits, which contain the main boilers, a thumper, and a condenser, are also available for purchase. If you’re searching for a more affordable alternative, you may get a mason jar jumper kit. This set includes a copper tube and seal that can be screwed onto any mason jar, and it is dishwasher safe.

DIY 2 Gal 10 Liters Home Distiller Copper Thumper Keg

a DIY Copper Alcohol 2 Gal 10 Liters Copper Alcohol for sale Stills for making moonshine, ethanol stills, spirits, boiler water distillers, and more.

  • Moonshine Stills – full distillation apparatus, appropriate for both novices and experienced distillers, with simple handling and installation
  • Material and construction – non-toxic red copper and stainless steel are used in the construction of the structure. There is no lead in any of the pieces, and all of the parts are made of food-grade materials, with the exception of the fermenter, which has been particularly thickened. (Dimensions: capacity: 2 gallons / 10 liters, height: 9.8 inches, diameter: 9.8 inches. ) Metal Thermometers with a built-in thermometer display the following temperatures: Celsius Fahrenheit, so that the operator can readily check the temperature while operating the distiller, as well as a free stainless steam plate and gauge bag, which helps to prevent burnout and performs significantly better during distillation. When using a large pot as a fermenter, a free temperature sticker may be placed on the fermenter so that the temperature can be checked.

A comprehensive distillation system that is ideal for both novices and experienced distillers, as well as being simple to use and install; Red copper and stainless steel are used in the construction of the structure, which is non-toxic. Every component is constructed of food-grade materials and the fermenter has been carefully thickened to ensure that no lead is present. (Dimensions: capacity: 2 gallons / 10 liters, height: 9.8 inches, diameter: 9.8 inches. 😉 Metal Thermometers have a built-in thermometer that displays the temperature in Celsius.

Fahrenheit When using a large pot as a fermenter, a free temperature sticker may be placed on the fermenter so that the temperature can be checked. ;

Stampede Stills 2 Gallon Copper Moonshine Still Thumper Keg (Doubler)

A copper thumper keg built entirely of copper sheet (20 ounces) is featured here. It has a capacity of 2 gallons and is equipped with a 12″ ball valve drain as well as 1/2″ copper pipe handoffs. All of the ingredients, including the silver-based solder, are free of lead.

Stampede Stills Copper Widemouth Mason Jar Thumper Kit

Mason Jar Thumper Kit made of Stampede Stills Copper Half Gallon Widemouth Mason Jar Thumper Kit

  • Mason Jar Thumper Kit made from Stampede Stills Copper Half Gallon Widemouth Mason Jar.

Handcrafted copper tube and seal that can be used to convert any wide mouth mason jar into a thumper-keg like container. The beauty of this kit is that it is quite reasonably priced, allowing you to simply set up a multi-jar configuration in which you treble or quadruple distill your spirit with relative ease. Because the pipes are stubbed out, you will be responsible for connecting your own pipes.

YUEWO 3 Pots DIY 2 Gal/10 Liters Moonshine Still

Yuewoo 3 Pots DIY 2gal/10Litres YUEWO 3 Pots DIY Moonshine Still Copper Water Alcohol Distiller Home Brew Wine Making Kits with Thumper Keg for Do It Yourself Moonshine Making Essential Oils of Brandy, Whiskey, and Wine

  • Moonshine Stills are a comprehensive distillation system that is suited for both beginners and experienced distillers. They are simple to use and install. 3-Pot Distiller, which is unique in that the steam enters from one side of the fruit/spices pot and exits from the other, allowing the operator to brew his or her own flavor with relative ease
  • Material and construction are both secure. Red copper and stainless steel are used in the construction of the fermenter, and there is no lead present in any of the components. A stainless/copper coil cooling tube and other food-grade materials are used throughout the fermenter, and the fermenter has been particularly thickened. (Dimensions: capacity: 2Gallons/10L, height: 9inch, diameter: 9inch
  • Dimensions: height: 9inch, diameter: 9inch Build-in Thermometer – Metal Thermometers display temperatures in Celsius and Fahrenheit, allowing the operator to readily check the temperature while operating the distiller. Free Stainless Steam Plate and Gauze Bag, which help to avoid burnout and perform significantly better during distillation. When using a large pot as a fermenter, a free temperature sticker may be placed on the fermenter so that the temperature can be checked.

This is a full moonshine still kit that can be used to make any type of spirit from the ground up in your home. It includes a huge 10 liter boiler, a thumper, a condenser, and all of the necessary connecting pipes. It is made entirely of non-toxic red copper and stainless steel components, and it is completely safe and non-toxic to use. With built-in thermometers, it’s easy to keep tabs on the progress of your distillation process. In what way does a Thumper Keg serve a purpose? The primary function of a thumper keg is to expedite the distillation process.

The other advantage of having a thumper keg is that it allows you to include botanicals into your spirits.

List of Moonshine Distilleries is a related resource.

How To Clean A Thumper Keg?

A vinegar run is the most straightforward method of cleaning a thumper keg. Using 50 percent hot water (distilled is preferable) and 50 percent vinegar, fill your boiler to 20 percent capacity with a combination of the two. As though you were creating a spirit, pass it through the still many times. Allow the still to reach 170 degrees Fahrenheit before running it for 5 minutes. Remove the pan from the heat and allow it to cool before emptying the vinegar solution. After that, you’ll only have to do it twice or three times every year if you’re using a fresh thumper.

Home Alcohol Distilling Equipment – 20 Gallon Copper Thumper

Twenty-ounces of pure copper are used in the construction of our hand-crafted 20-gallon thumper. It is hand-rolled, assembled, precisely cut, and soldered appropriately, providing high-quality results in the final product. The 20-gallon thumper makes it easier than ever to complete your fermentation process. It is simple to handle and run, and it produces incredible results. When used in conjunction with a 20 gallon alcohol still, this thumper is an excellent addition. It increases the proof of the first process and also restores the taste that was lost during the initial home distillation process from the pot, both of which are beneficial.

You might be interested:  How Much For A Quart Sized Mason Jar Moonshine?

With the temperature gauge positioned near the vapor line of your whiskey still, you can easily regulate the temperature of your still.

It is a lead-free solder that is revered for its copper and silver-based thumper, which is used in the production of still.

The thumper pipes, which have a capacity of 20 gallons, are soldered into the fill port end cap, which is included in the package.

The outlet only barely protrudes into the thump keg top, allowing for easy exit while maintaining the bare minimum of pressure. This gallon thumper is a must-have if you want the most efficient alcohol still possible.

Alcohol Distiller for Sale – 20 Gallon Worm made with 20 oz copper

Twenty-ounces of pure copper are used in the construction of our hand-crafted 20-gallon thumpers. It is hand-rolled, assembled, precisely cut, and soldered appropriately, providing high-quality results in the end product. The 20-gallon thumper makes it easier than ever to complete your fermentation process. – It is simple to maintain and run, and it produces incredible results. – When used in conjunction with a 20-gallon alcohol still, this thumper is an excellent complement to the set-up. It increases the proof of the first process and also restores the taste that was lost during the initial home distillation process from the pot, both of which are advantageous.

  1. With the temperature gauge positioned near the vapor line, you can easily regulate your whiskey still.
  2. In order to make still, it is necessary to use lead-free solder as well as a copper and silver-based thumper.
  3. The thumper pipes are soldered into the fill port end cap, which is included in the kit, to provide a 20-gallon capacity.
  4. Despite the fact that the outlet barely protrudes into the top of the thump keg, it allows for easy exit while maintaining the lowest possible pressure.

What is a Mason Jar Thumper?

Many newbie moonshiners are perplexed as to what exactly a mason jar thumper is. Although not all moonshiners opt to utilize a thumper or a thump keg, these devices have been widely employed since the first immigrants began distilling moonshine in North America thousands of years ago. A thump keg is a small component that may be placed between a still pot and a condenser to enhance the distillation process. You may distill the output of the pot still a second time after installing this little unit in your system, saving you the time and effort of recirculating the distillate through the stillpot a second time.

When making high proof spirits, moonshiners typically pass the still through the stillpot a second or third time after the first.

How Does a Thump Keg Work?

With a thump keg, the heated vapor that escapes the still arm into the wine that has already condensed at the bottom of the thumper evaporates once again before it reaches the condenser, resulting in a more concentrated wine. When the alcohol is vaporized a second time, the amount of alcohol in the mixture increases considerably.

The equipment that comes with the majority of home moonshine kits simply includes a single thump keg. In contrast, moonshiners can add a variety of thump kegs in their system in order to produce a higher proof whiskey in a single batch of whiskey.

What Does A Thump Keg Look Like?

A thump kegi is a relatively simple piece of equipment. It is a barrel, thumper, or bottle that has two pipes running into it that has been sealed. The input pipe is often lengthy enough that it can reach the bottom of the thumper, where liquid may condense and condense into solid. Another pipe is short and serves as an outlet for vaporized alcohol, which may then be collected in a condenser or transferred to another thump keg.

What Materials Are Used For Thump Kegs?

Thump kegs can be constructed from a variety of materials. It all depends on the sort of thumper moonshiners have on hand when they are putting together their homemade kits. It is crucial to understand, however, that certain materials perform better than others. When vapors are driven into the thumper, the keg functions by utilizing waste heat from the still pot in order to allow gas that has condensed into liquid to evaporate and rise into the condenser once again to work. Some thump keg materials are more effective at absorbing and retaining heat, and as a result, these kegs perform more efficiently.

Glass Thumper

As a result of its flexibility, glass is one of the most commonly used thumper materials, particularly when Mason jar thumpers are employed. When it comes to moonshine brewing, the design of mason jars is great since these glass containers can be readily removed from the thumper gasket for cleaning and replacement. Glass thumpers are also a good choice because you can get thumper kits that are designed to fit directly on top of mason jars on the internet.

Copper Thumper

Copper is a particularly common material in moonshine kits because of its versatility. This is due to the fact that copper is an excellent heat conductor and that it helps to improve the flavor of moonshine. Copper also helps to eliminate some of the sulfur compounds found in alcoholic beverages, allowing the fruity flavor to become much more intense in your moonshine as a result.

Wood Thumpers

Many moonshiners like wood thumpers because the wood naturally insulates the thumper keg, making it more comfortable to use. The vapors and liquids that condense into the thump keg are kept heated by the condensation process. It then causes the liquid to evaporate once more, which is required for the distillation process.

How to Build A Moonshine Thumper

Glass thumper kegs are by far the most straightforward to construct and utilize. This is due to the fact that you can purchase the thumper attachment online and that mason jars may be readily unscrewed for cleaning or replacement purposes. Here’s how to make a moonshine jar thumper from scratch:

What You Need

  • Copper mason jar lids and seals
  • Copper piping and bend fittings
  • Copper soldering wire
  • Soldering machine and saw
  • 1/2 gallon mason jar thumper

How To Build The Mason Jar Thumper Gasket

You must first construct a Mason jar thumper gasket before you can begin assembling your set. In the event that you do not have the necessary time or patience to accomplish this, you may purchase entire kits online. These kits are constructed of copper and already contain copper pipe, a copper jar lid, and a copper seal. They are compatible with all mason jars and are available in a variety of sizes.

Additionally, you can make a gasket for a Mason jar thumper out of stainless steel. The usage of copper is equally as practical as stainless steel, but many people prefer it since it is easier to weld or solder and because it improves the taste of your moonshine.

Step 1

You must first construct the Mason jar thumper gasket before you can begin assembling your set. There are entire kits available for purchase online if you don’t have the time or patience to put together a kit from scratch. All of the copper piping, jar lid, and seal are already included in the price of the kit, and it is compatible with all mason jars on the market. Additionally, you may create a Mason jar thumper gasket out of stainless steel. The usage of copper is just as practical as stainless steel, but many people prefer it since it is easier to weld or solder, and it also improves the taste of your moonshine.

Step 2

Take your copper Mason jar lid and drill two holes in it, one on each side of the plate, to complete the project. The copper pipes should be able to slide into the holes if the holes are just the right size. Copper pipes should protrude from the copper cover by a minimum of 3cm on all sides.

Step 3

Take your copper Mason jar lid and drill two holes in it, one on each side of the plate, to complete your project. To ensure that the copper pipes can slip into place, the holes should be just large enough. A minimum of 3cm of protrusion should be seen between the copper pipes and the copper lid.

Assembling Your Mason jar Thumper

As soon as your gasket is finished, you can simply place it into your mason jar and seal it. It is critical to fit the rubber seal between the thumper gasket and the glass jar before screwing the lid on securely in order to ensure that the jar is completely airtight. After completing the final assembly steps, your Mason jar thumper should be ready to be installed in your moonshine kit.

Final Thought

Following the completion of your thumper, you will be required to modify your moonshine still kit. Installation of the thumper should take place between the still pot and the condenser. You may use more than one thumper keg in your system to produce a higher-quality spirit, if desired. Add particular fruits or flavorings to the thumper keg and use it to increase the taste of your spirits. You may also use it to store and transport your spirits.

Alcohol Yields

Firstly, a quick reminder that distilling alcohol is unlawful unless you have an approved federal fuel alcohol or distilled spirit plant authorization in addition to the appropriate state permissions. Our distillation apparatus is intended solely for legal reasons, and the information contained in this paper is intended solely for educational purposes. We encourage you to read our comprehensive legal statement for further information on the legality of distillation. The amount of alcohol generated by a still is determined by the amount of beginning alcohol and the amount of final proof used.

For those who are looking for immediate satisfaction, here’s the brief answer:

  • Depending on the size of the run, it will produce 3-6 cups of alcohol
  • A 5 gallon run will produce 1-2 gallons of alcohol
  • An 8 gallon run will produce 1.5-3 gallons of alcohol
  • And a 10 gallon run will produce 2-4 gallons of alcohol.

Here’s why this is important for scholars, scientific geeks, alchemists, and truth seekers:

Starting Alcohol

It is possible for starting alcohol to differ greatly from batch to batch, with considerable implications for end yield. The amount of starting alcohol is often represented as “alcohol by volume,” abbreviated as ABV. In a nutshell, it is the amount of alcohol present in a solution of alcohol wash. Example: A 10 gallon wash containing 1 gallon of pure alcohol will have a 10% alcohol by volume (ABV).

The potential yield increases in direct proportion to the beginning alcohol concentration. The amount of fermentable sugar generated by the mash, or the amount of sugar used in place of creating a mash, and the kind of yeast employed determine the beginning alcohol of a wash.

Fermentable sugar

Fermentable sugar is exactly what it sounds like – the quantity of sugar that is accessible for consumption by yeast, which may then be converted to alcohol. The absence of significant amounts of sugar means that there will be little alcohol present. Too much sugar, on the other hand, is a waste of resources. In most cases, the amount of sugar required is determined by several factors, including the recipe, batch size, and possible alcohol generation by the yeast. Although, in general, the greater the amount of fermentable sugar present in the mash, the higher the potential starting alcohol and the greater the yield will be.

Yeast

The type of yeast that is employed is also quite essential. While bread yeast (the type that can be purchased at a grocery store) can create starting alcohol in the ten percent range, powerful distillers yeast will produce starting alcohol in the twenty percent area. This is due to a combination of two reasons. A first step was to develop distillers yeast that could handle larger levels of ethanol in the surrounding environment. Whereas bread yeast will die once beginning alcohol reaches 10 or 12 percent, distillers yeast will continue to survive and will continue to do so until ambient alcohol reaches a far greater level (20 percent or so).

However, the extra nutrients present in turbo yeasts might result in off tastes in the end product, which is a negative aspect of the situation.

Final Proof

The final proof might have a considerable influence on the yield as well. It is estimated that the amount of pure alcohol obtained from 10 gallons (beginning with 10 percent alcohol) will be somewhere in the vicinity of 1 gallon when the distillation process is completed. However, the spirit that is captured will not be 100 percent pure (200 proof). It is normally proofed down to somewhere about 100 proof, which is equal to 50 percent pure alcohol by volume. While the total quantity of alcohol collected stays the same, there is now twice as much “product” and the “yield” has been increased by a factor of 2.

Collection efficiency

One additional point to mention is that not all of the alcohol created during fermentation will be collected throughout the course of the experiment. Because it takes far too much time and effort to gather that final tiny amount, only approximately 85 to 90 percent of the total is collected on average. Besides, it isn’t the excellent thing in the first place.

Using the above example, if there is one gallon of pure alcohol in the wash and it is distilled with an 85 percent efficiency, it will yield.85 gallons of pure alcohol. A few samples of yields that a commercial distiller can expect when running 1, 5, or 10 gallon test batches are shown below.

  • With a starting alcohol concentration of 10 percent, a final proof of 100, and a collection efficiency of 85 percent, a 1 gallon run will generate 2.72 cups of product. With a beginning alcohol content of 20 percent, a final proof of 100 percent, and an efficiency of 85 percent, a 1 gallon run will give 5.44 cups. If you run a 5 gallon batch with a beginning alcohol content of 10%, a final proof of 100 percent, and an efficiency of 85 percent, you will get 1.85 gallons. If you run a 5 gallon run with a beginning alcohol of 20%, a final proof of 100, and an 85 percent collection efficiency, you’ll get 1.7 gallons. If you do an 8 gallon run with a starting alcohol of 10%, a final proof of 100, and an 85 percent collection efficiency, you’ll get 0.89 gallons. A run of 8 gallons with a starting alcohol concentration of 20%, a final proof of 100, and a collecting efficiency of 85% will generate 1.79 gallons. For example, a 10 gallon run with an alcohol content of 10%, a final proof of 100, and a collection efficiency of 85% will provide just 1.7 gallons
  • A 10 gallon run with an alcohol content of 20% and a final proof of 100, and an efficiency of 85% will yield 3.4 gallons
  • And so on.

With a beginning alcohol content of 10 percent, a final proof of 100, and a collection efficiency of 85 percent, a 1 gallon run will generate 2.72 cups of product. With a beginning alcohol content of 20 percent, a final proof of 100, and a collection efficiency of 85 percent, a one-gallon run will generate 5.44 cups of product. If you run a 5 gallon batch with a beginning alcohol content of 10%, a final proof of 100 percent, and an efficiency of 85 percent, you will get 1.85 gallons; If you run a 5 gallon run with a beginning alcohol of 20%, a final proof of 100, and an 85 percent collection efficiency, you’ll get 1.7 gallons.

In an 8 gallon run with a beginning alcohol content of 20%, a final proof of 100%, and a collecting efficiency of 85%, the result will be 1.79 gallons.

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